dimarts, 17 de gener de 2017

Y Gymraeg yn ysgolion Sir Fynwy yn 1913.







Dros ganrif yn ôl, yn ôl y pwt isod y deuthum o hyd iddo o’r ‘Abergavenny Chronicle’ (22 Mai 1913) yr oedd rhai ysgolion yn yr hen Sir Fynwy yn cynnig y Gymraeg fel pwnc i’r disgyblion. Ni wn a yw’r adroddiad yn cyfeirio at ysgolion cynradd yn unig neu rai uwchradd hefyd; ni hyd at ba le y mae’r ‘Cymoedd Rhymni a Thredegar’ yn ymestyn – O Rymni hyd at Bontlotyn? Neu’r Bargod? O Dredegar hyd at y Coed-duon? Neu Bont-llan-fraith?

Ond yr hyn sydd yn od yw nad oedd gwersi Cymraeg yn y gweddill o’r ysgolion – ar wahân i’r ysgolion yn Llanofer, Trinant a Phantygaseg.

Yn Llanofer gwelaf o bosibl ddylanwad hir-barhaol y Gymraes Augusta Waddington, sef yr Arglwyddes Llanofer (ganwyd Llanofer 1802-1896), neu yn ôl ei henw barddol Gwenynen Gwent, a osododd fri ar y Gymraeg yn y parthau hyn o’r wlad pan oedd y werin yn dechrau troi eu cefn arni (o herwydd addysg yn Saesneg, y mewnlifiad o siroedd gorllewinol Lloegr ac o Iwerddon, ayyb).

Ond pam Trinant a Phantygaseg, tybed?



Monmouthshire and Welsh.

According to a recent report of his Majesty’s inspectors of education in Monmouthshire, Welsh is taught in all the schools of the Rhymney and Tredegar Valleys, as well as Llanover, Trinant and Pantygasseg. The education authority (states the report) has had considerable difficulty in finding teachers with adequate knowledge of the language to undertake its instruction.

It was pleasing to note, however, that evening classes for teachers had been established to meet this difficulty, and teachers had availed themselves of these classes and had benefited considerably thereby. The attitude of the teachers towards the language was friendly and sympathetic.

A General Weakness.

In the majority of the schools the basis of the teaching was the direct method. A general weakness observable in the Welsh teaching was the lack of practice by the child of continuous and connected speech. It was pleasing to note that in one infants’ school “canu penhillion” [sic; = penillion] had been introduced with conspicuous success.